Origin and number of the Gusen prisoners

Between 1939 and 1945, at least 71.000 individuals were imprisoned at Gusen, the majority of them deportees from the various European territories under German influence. The categorisation of their nationality was based on the criteria of the German occupiers and as such does not necessarily correspond to the prisoners’ personal definition of their identity.

Prisoners belonging to at least 27 different nationalities were registered at Gusen: 

Albanians 
Belgians 
Bulgarians 
Germans (incl. Austrians) 
British 
Estonians 
Finns 
French 
Greek 
Dutch 
Italians 
Yugoslavs 
Croats 
Lithuanians 
Latvians 
Luxembourgers 
Norwegians 
Poles 
Romanians 
Soviet Citizens 
Slovaks 
Spanish 
Swiss 
Czech 
Turks 
Hungarians 

At least 35.800 prisoners died at Gusen.