The Subcamps

From 1941/42 onwards, the SS transferred ever greater numbers of concentration camp prisoners to work as forced labourers in subcamps located across Austria. At first the prisoners were mainly used in construction work building transport routes, power stations and factories. In the second half of the war they were increasingly forced to work in the arms industries. Starting at the end of 1943, thousands of inmates were deployed in the construction of underground production sites that would be protected from air raids.

Over 40 subcamps had been set up by the liberation of the Mauthausen/Gusen concentration camp. At the beginning of March 1945, around 64,000 out of a total 83,000 concentration camp prisoners were being held in one of the subcamps.

Mauthausen

  1. Mauthausen concentration camp

Mauthausen subcamps

  1. Amstetten
  2. Bachmanning
  3. Bretstein
  4. Dipoldsau
  5. Ebensee
  6. Eisenerz
  7. Enns
  8. Grein
  9. Großraming
  10. Gunskirchen
  11. Gusen I
  12. Gusen II
  13. Gusen III
  14. Hirtenberg
  15. Klagenfurt
  16. Leibnitz
  17. Lenzing
  18. Linz I
  19. Linz II
  20. Linz III
  21. Loibl Pass (North)
  22. Loibl Pass (South)
  23. Melk
  24. Passau I
  25. Passau II
  26. Peggau
  27. Redl-Zipf
  28. Schloss Mittersill / Mittersill Castle
  29. Schloss Lannach / Lannach Castle
  30. Schloss Lind / Lind Castle
  31. St. Aegyd
  32. St. Lambrecht (Women’s camp)
  33. St. Lambrecht (Men’s camp)
  34. St. Valentin
  35. Steyr
  36. Ternberg
  37. Vöcklabruck
  38. Wels II
  39. Vienna-Floridsdorf
  40. Vienna-Hinterbrühl
  41. Vienna-Saurerwerke
  42. Vienna-Schönbrunn
  43. Vienna-Schwechat (Heidfeld)
  44. Vienna-Schwechat (‘Santa’)
  45. Wiener Neudorf
  46. Wiener Neustadt (1943)
  47. Wiener Neustadt (1944)

Castle Hartheim

  1. Schloss Hartheim / Hartheim Castle